Theos Hemon Pater: "God Our Father"

Scripture Reading — Romans 1:1-7

Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
—Romans 1:7 — 

At the beginning of the book of Romans, we find Paul’s usual identification of himself along with his greeting to all his readers. In this greeting, Paul refers to God as Theos hemon Pater, “God our Father.”

Hemon Pater, “our Father,” occurs in different ways in the New Testament. Throughout the gospels, we hear this phrase on the lips of Jewish religious leaders. When they use the phrase, it refers to an ancestor, such as Abraham or David. In Romans, Paul also uses “our father” to refer to Abraham.

In the greetings of his letters, though, Paul specifies that hemon Pater, “our Father,” refers to God. The greeting is from the God who made the heavens and the earth, who poured out his grace on us through his Son, Jesus. Through Jesus, we also receive our Father’s peace, which “transcends all understanding” (Philippians 4:7). A wonderful greeting, indeed!

Another use of hemon Pater occurs when Jesus teaches us to pray, “Our Father in heaven” (Matt. 6:9) in the Lord’s Prayer.

In yet another passage we learn that Jesus also intercedes for us in prayer (Romans 8:34). We confess this when we say Jesus is “seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty” (Apostles’ Creed). On this Ascension Day, when you pray, “Our Father,” take comfort and assurance in knowing that Jesus intercedes on your behalf.


Our Father in heaven, thank you that in Jesus Christ we have an intercessor at your right hand. Thank you for the assurance that you hear and answer our prayers. Amen.


Devotion topics: Bible, God, God's Names

Kurt SellesKurt Selles

Kurt Selles

Executive Editor of Today